"The practical owner has any bast at line, to work there are all parts of a tree: from a bass cut various utensils, from roots, branches spun graceful and dexterous baskets. Peasants did surprisingly beautiful and convenient things of birch bark (specially processed birch bark).
Anyway, today the ancient belief of our ancestors (different tribes) is similar to scraps of ancient laces which forgotten pattern should be restored in scraps. Still nobody restored a full picture of Slavic pagan myths though there are many serious researches.
The harvest was celebrated by special holidays: zazhinka – at the beginning of a harvest and dozhinka – at the end of harvesting. In the center of festivals there were sheaves: the first – about time a zazhinok, the last – in time a dozhinok. These sheaves were solemnly brought to the village. Baked the first bread of a new crop from a zazhinochny sheaf, put a dozhinochny sheaf in a log hut, in a forward corner. Grain from it when sowing was poured to the first furrow or mixed with seed grain. Before beginning a harvest, made a sacrifice to field spirit, special spells expelled from sheaves of the evil ghosts who are allegedly sitting there. Approximately same ceremonies were carried out and upon termination of a harvest,
In stone secular construction, in inhabited and palace constructions prevailed asymmetric and very picturesque an alignment. Difficult organisms, such as palaces – Kolyma Kremlin Ivan III and others consisted of a number of simple volumes – the chambers connected by transitions and galleries in what it is necessary to see impact of wooden constructions besides.
In the modern village, of course, became less than carved and painted products from a tree. But, maybe, now they more than ever please us. At fairs, exhibitions, in the museums of folk art they create the atmosphere of conviviality, beauty, are surprising and admiration of people." (L.
Many other cleaning ceremonies were connected with a meeting of spring and a farewell to winter. They were based on belief that for dark, cold winter the set of different evil spirits which should be neutralized and expelled from the dwelling and from fields gathered.
Kovshichki for drink had a boatshaped form. Handles of ladles became in the form of the head of a horse or a duck. Ladles were generously decorated with a carving or a list. Round the big ladle towering in the center of a table they were similar to ducklings round a brood hen. The ladles having a form of a duck and were called ladles-utitsy. Bratina – fine-molded vessels for drinks in the form of a sphere – too undersigned, given to them and an inscription, for example such contents: "Misters, stay, drunk do not get drunk, do not wait for evening!" Cut out from a tree also beautiful saltcellars in the form of horses and birds, and bowls, and, of course, spoons. Wooden spoons and did not become today museum pieces. We willingly buy them for ourselves, we give to friends. Wooden spoons are unusually convenient: and a shank on a hand, also you will not burn.
Did everything of a tree – both furniture, and a basket, both a mortar, and sledge, and a cradle for the child. Often these household subjects from a tree painted. The master thought not only about that these things were convenient, well served the appointment, but cared of their beauty, of that they pleased people, turning work, even the heaviest, into a holiday.
To replace the decaying primitive-communal system the new relations of feudal society were formed. Near villages, there were strengthened dwellings of rich land owners which used work of the poor grain-growers who got to them to economic dependence.
In the Carpathians the rural men's wear consisted of a shirt to knees which put on and tied with a leather or knitted belt, and rather narrow trousers. The shirt was often decorated with an embroidery. On a belt necessary tools (a knife or a crest) fastened. In the winter over a shirt the fur casing put on. On feet "postola" – strapped pieces of tawing skin put shoes on. (Since the 15th century started cutting hair "under a makitra", before the head shaved, leaving "oseledeets").